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New eviction cases for failing to pay rent are back to pre-pandemic levels in Massachusetts six weeks after a state ban expired, and housing advocates want a stronger response from Beacon Hill given the rise in COVID-19 infection rates and the looming end to a federal moratorium ban.

So far, attempts to remove tenants have taken the shape of a slow-building wave rather than the sudden surge that some feared. Cases were filed in recent weeks at roughly the same rate as before the pandemic, and a federal moratorium will block many evictions from being executed but is due to expire at the end of the year.

But with the pandemic’s second surge in Massachusetts accelerating, community groups and activists are concerned that the state is unnecessarily dangling over the edge of widespread housing insecurity.

“We are right at the beginning of the cliff,” said Lisa Owens, executive director of the City Life / Vida Urbana group that has urged lawmakers to take additional steps. “This is sort of our last opportunity to act.”

Cases at Pre-Pandemic Levels

Over the past two weeks, cases have been filed at roughly the same clip as before the pandemic: 714 in the week of Nov. 16, 558 in the holiday-shortened week of Nov. 23 and 743 in the week after, but decidedly shy of the “tsunami” advocates had predicted this summer.

Filing an eviction case is in many cases just an early step in the process, and not all filings will result in forceful removal of a tenant. Many cases cannot proceed to the execution stage until 2021 under a separate moratorium the U.S. Centers for Disease Control issued. A $908 billion economic aid packaging being negotiated by Congressional Democrats and Republicans reportedly includes $25 billion in rental housing assistance.

In April, during the first peak of the COVID-19 outbreak, Gov. Charlie Baker signed a bill placing a moratorium on almost all non-emergency evictions and foreclosures. The legislation did not exempt tenants from eventually making good on financial obligations, but aimed to keep as many people as possible safely housed during the public health crisis and at a time when jobs losses were high due to forced business closures.

Baker extended the temporary ban once, but he allowed it to expire on Oct. 17 and instead unveiled a plan that increased the maximum Residential Assistance for Families in Transition (RAFT) benefit available from $4,000 to $10,000 per household, with $100 million available for the program this fiscal year.

More than 5,800 unique households have received RAFT benefits since April, according to an administration spokesperson. Between June 1 and Nov. 30, the state paid out $15.6 million in both RAFT aid and administrative fees to the regional agencies that distribute the funding.

Prevention Effort Has Limited Resources

Baker’s alternative to extending the moratorium drew praise from many real estate leaders and landlords, who have argued that they do not want to cause housing insecurity but sometimes need to use court filings to resolve issues with tenants.

Greg Vasil, president and CEO of the Greater Boston Real Estate Board, said allowing the temporary ban to end will help state and industry leaders get a clearer sense of the outlook on the ground. Currently many of Greater Boston’s major landlords have pledged to hold off on filing evictions until 2021.

“When I look at this problem, filing the cases isn’t the problem. What we need to do is make sure people don’t end up on the sidewalk,” Vasil said. “I don’t think anybody wants to be able to do that. I think what they want to do is look at these cases like an onion. We peel back the first layer and we’ve solved some of those. Let’s work on the second layer and the third layer and see, at the end of the day, when we’re finally down to the core of the onion, how many cases are actually left with people with total hardship, and then see what resources we might be able to have to help them out.”

Other organizations and leaders aligned with tenants do not share Vasil’s optimism about the administration’s response.

The RAFT system had a backlog before the new plan, and limits on the expanded funding – such as requiring that tenancy can last for six months or until June 2021 for households with school-aged children – make it “a lot harder” to access, according to Andrea Park, an attorney with the Massachusetts Law Reform Institute.

A free mediation program the administration helped launch with the Office of Public Collaboration has been available for landlords and tenants since Nov. 16, according to an administration spokesperson.

Several other components of the plan have yet to make tangible impacts, Park said. The administration said it would hire lawyers to help more tenants have legal representation during eviction proceedings, but that project is still getting off the ground.

Park and Owens said they believe lawmakers should take a more forceful approach, backing legislation co-authored by Housing Committee Co-chair Rep. Kevin Honan that would keep a moratorium in place for a year after the state of emergency’s end and offer funds to small landlords financially impacted by the crisis.

That bill (H.5018) has failed to gain traction. In October, Honan said it needed more time and work after it cleared his committee. It remains before the House Rules Committee chaired by Canton Democrat Rep. William Galvin.

Eviction Cases Return to Pre-Pandemic Levels

by State House News Service time to read: 4 min